Current Issue
Jan-Mar 2019 | volume 7 | Issue 1


SOME URBANISATION HEALTH FACTS AND TRENDS

Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. Urbanization leads to many challenges for global health and the epidemiology of infectious diseases. New megacities can be incubators for new epidemics, and zoonotic diseases. Urbanization is one of the main cause for the spread of disease in a more rapid manner
Vani Mamillapalli1*, Praneetha Kanajam1, Padma Latha Khantamneni2
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THE PREVALENCE OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN ERBIL CITY

Background and objective: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is worldwide endemic disease and one of the major health problems, considered as the second most important protozoan disease. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis among the individuals within Erbil city, compare the causes of the infection and its associated risk factors.
Ahmed Akil kh. Al-Daoody*, Mohammad Hassan, Hawrin Wasfy, Aysha Hassan, Fatima Allaa *Department of Medical Microbiology/ College of Health Sciences/ Hawler Medical University
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HYPOLIPIDEMIC ACTIVITY OF CAYENNE PEPPER ON DEXAMETHASONE INDUCED HYPERLIPIDEMIA IN RATS

The objective of present study is to evaluate the hypolipidemic activity of Cayenne pepper against dexamethasone induced hyperlipidemia in rats. Administration of dexamethasone was given at 10 mg/kg, sc to adult rats for 28 days induced hyperlipidemia characterized by marked increase in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels along with increase in atherogenic index. Cayenne pepper (50 and 100 mg/kg, po.) treatment has showed significant inhibition against dexamethasone induced hyperlipidemia by maintaining serum levels of cholesterol, triglyceride and atherogenic index near to normal levels and the effect of Cayenne pepper was comparable with atorvastatin (10 mg/kg/day, p.o). The possible mechanism may be associated with its high antioxidant values and HDL cholesterol-raising effect. These results suggested that Cayenne pepper possess significant hypolipidemic activity.
Deepika P*, Mamatha B, Kiran K, Navika G
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PREVALENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AMONG ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM DIFFERENT CLINICAL SAMPLES IN ERBIL CITY /IRAQ

Escherichia coli. is an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen causing a variety of infections including urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal tract infections and vaginal tract infections, Antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli is of particular concern because it is the most common Gram-negative pathogen in humans,the wild dissemination of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial populations is an increasing problem worldwide. Our study aimed to determine the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of E. coli isolated from different types. A total of 226 samples were collected from (urine, HVS and stool), collected from female 167 samples and from male 59 samples from privet Erbil hospital, Rabarin hospital and Rezgary hospital.
Fattma A. Ali , Amina Abdulrahman Abdulrazaq, Afnan Ibrahem Nafea, Sura Mothafer Gaze
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Advanced Journal of Pharmacie and Life science Research (AJPLR) ISSN 2454-3535 is an international peer reviewed quarterly published journal focused on review and research in Pharmaceutical and life science field.The aim of AJPLR is to encourage scientists, academicians and students to publish their experimental and theoretical details. AJPLR provides an advanced knowledge platform for the pharmaceutical and life science.

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